His Holiness Penor Rinpoche is Supreme head of the Nyingma (the Ancient Translation School of secret mantra),1932 – March 27, 2009, The original of the four schools of Tibetan Buddhism. Born in1932 in eastern Tibet, H. H. Penor Rinpoche is the emanation of the great Dzogchen master Vimalamitra. He is the 3rd Penor Rinpoche, and was enthroned as the 11th holder of the Palyul Lineage at the age of twelve. He spent four years practicing in retreat with his teacher Choktrul Rinpoche, and received all the Nyingma and Dzogchen teachings. After 1959, H. H. Penor Rinpoche came to India and re-established the Palyul Monastery in Mysore. Today 1,500 monks and nuns live, study, and practice at the monastery. He has made several trips to Tibet, where he has rebuilt the Palyul Monastery.